White Pine

eWhite pine (Pinus Strobus) towers over much of Eastern Canada’s boreal forests. A graceful evergreen, its fragrance and excellent needle retention has made it a popular Christmas tree for many years.

White Pine characteristics:
• soft flexible branches and needles,
• very little aroma (the white pine’s mild fragrance is good for people with allergies),

White Pine Needle characteristics:
• soft flexible branches and needles,
• lacy blue-green foliage,
• 7-10 cm (3-4 inches) in length,
• grow in bunches of 5.

In the wild, it can reach up to 45 meters (150 feet) with a trunk diameter of 1.5 meters (4.5 feet) This tree is naturally occurring from Newfoundland to south-eastern Manitoba. Because of its size and strength, the white pine was once the wood of choice for constructing ocean-going vessels. Particularly straight stands of trees were designated to become masts for sailing ships. Today these trees are valued for their smooth white wood which contains few knotholes and doesn’t twist or shrink.


aScots Pine (Pinus Sylvestris) was one of the first plantation grown Christmas Trees in North America.

Scots Pine characteristics
excellent conical shape,
stiff branches which are good for supporting heavy ornaments and lights,
dense foliage,
wonderful aroma.
Scots Pine Needle characteristics:
blue green,
good needle retention even if the tree becomes dry,
long – 5-8 cm (2-4 inch) and sharp,
grow in bunches of 2.

Scots pine will grow up to 25-30 meters (80-100 feet) in height.

It is the most widely distributed pine around the world.

© Canadian Christmas Tree Growers Association